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What is Rodent?

Rodents make up the largest group of mammals with 2,277 species, which account for 41% of the known mammals in the world. They are a very diverse group in both size and habitat, ranging from the South American capybara weighing up to 66kg, to the Baluchistan pygmy jerboa with female adults that weigh less than 4gm.

Types of Rodents

Rodents are found in every continent except the Antarctica. They are one of the most adaptable mammalians as rodents can be found in a diversified habitats ranging from snow-covered tundra to hot deserts. Here are some of the most commonly found ones:

  • Rats
  • Mice
  • Squirrels
  • Hamsters
  • Guinea pigs
  • Porcupines
  • Beavers
  • Voles
  • Marmots
  • Gophers
  • Prairie dogs
  • Capybaras (but not rabbits, hares and shrews).

However in Malaysia, the more commonly found rodent that are detrimental to humans are either the Black Rat or Brown Rat.

Rodents tend to be social animals, living in small to very large colonies. They also have the ability to breed rapidly in favourable conditions, which is why they are such a concern when you have an infestation in your home or businesses.

Characteristics of Rodents

The distinguishing feature of rodents is a pair of continuously growing, incisor teeth in their upper and lower jaw. These teeth grow throughout the rodent's life so it must continuously gnaw to prevent them from becoming too long.

Rodents are known to be the following, depending on their species:

  • Arboreal - animals that live on trees
  • Burrowing - animals that dig a hole or tunnel in the ground for habitation purposes
  • Semiaquatic - animals that live partly on land and partly in water

Majority of rodents are herbivores, feeding on seeds, nuts, roots, tubers, stems, leaves, flowers and fruit. Some are omnivores, eating meat such as insects opportunistically and a small number are carnivores.

Rodent Damages

One of the main problems with a rodent infestation are the damages they cause. Besides that, rodents are also known to be curious creatures and will often explore new areas in the search of food. Here are some negative impacts caused by rodent infestation.

  • Rodents can spread diseases when they eat which contaminate food during the process. They can also damage containers and packaging materials in which food are stored.

  • They cause damages and undermine building foundations by gnawing on electrical wires, wooden structures such as doors, ledges, corners and wall material. Rodents can also tear up insulation in walls and ceilings for nesting. Besides that, damaged wires may lead to possible fire.

Besides property damages, rodents are also known to spread diseases like leptospirosis and salmonellosis. Don’t take chances with rodents, contact us today at 1300 881 911 for home enquiries or 1300 882 911 for your business premises.

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